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帶我去火星

NASA 的毅力號今年登陸火星,開啟新一輪的火星探測。NASA 希望尋找火星上的古代生命證據,進行更深入的研究,也為未來將人類送上火星鋪路。

參考資料

為何選擇探索火星


1. List of missions to Mars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_missions_to_Mars

2. Why three missions are going to Mars in 2020
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02102-0

3. This summer, multiple spacecraft are launching to Mars. Here’s why
https://edition.cnn.com/2020/07/27/world/mars-mission-launches-summer-2020-scn/index.html

4. The new space race: why we need a human mission to Mars
https://theconversation.com/the-new-space-race-why-we-need-a-human-mission-to-mars-73757

5. Mars Facts

https://mars.nasa.gov/all-about-mars/facts/

6. 移民外星球,選火星還是月球?
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/ch/news/3300190

7. NASA Mission Reveals Speed of Solar Wind Stripping Martian Atmosphere
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-mission-reveals-speed-of-solar-wind-stripping-martian-atmosphere

8. A FUTURE MARS ENVIRONMENT FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/V2050/pdf/8250.pdf

9. First Map of Mars Electric Currents
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkKak9bNGjU

火星可能可以孕育生命


10. Why go to Mars?
https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Human_and_Robotic_Exploration/Exploration/Why_go_to_Mars

11. Mars: Wet to Dry Animation
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/resources/955/mars-wet-to-dry-animation/

12. NASA’s Curiosity Rover Team Confirms Ancient Lakes on Mars
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-curiosity-rover-team-confirms-ancient-lakes-on-mars

13. NASA Research Suggests Mars Once Had More Water Than Earth’s Arctic Ocean
https://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/nasa-research-suggests-mars-once-had-more-water-than-earth-s-arctic-ocean

14. International Group Plans Strategy for Mars Sample Return Mission
https://mars.nasa.gov/mer/newsroom/pressreleases/20071210a.html

15. Mars Curiosity Rover
https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/mission/overview/

16. Mars Exploration Program
https://mars.nasa.gov/#

17. NASA’s Curiosity Rover Reaches Its 3,000th Day on Mars
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasa-s-curiosity-rover-reaches-its-3000th-day-on-mars

18. Nasa’s Curiosity rover: 3,000 days on Mars
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-55562150

毅力號的任務


19. Mars 2020 Mission Overview
https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/mission/overview/

20. NASA plans Mars sample-return rover
https://www.nature.com/news/nasa-plans-mars-sample-return-rover-1.15207

21. Mars Sample Return
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/mars-sample-return-msr

22. Perseverance Rover’s Landing Site: Jezero Crater
https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/mission/science/landing-site/

23. NASA’s next Mars rover will land in Jezero crater, which once hosted a lake and a river delta
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/nasas-next-mars-rover-could-explore-former-mineral-springs-and-fossil-river-delta

24. 7 Minutes to Mars: NASA’s Perseverance Rover Attempts Most Dangerous Landing Yet
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4tdMR5HLtg

25. A new 7 minutes of terror: See the nail-biting Mars landing stages of NASA’s Perseverance rover in this video
https://www.space.com/perseverance-mars-2020-rover-landing-video

首次造氧與飛行的里程碑


26. NASA’s Perseverance Mars Rover Extracts First Oxygen from Red Planet
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-s-perseverance-mars-rover-extracts-first-oxygen-from-red-planet

27. NASA’s Perseverance Rover Makes Oxygen on Mars for First Time
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/nasas-perseverance-rover-makes-oxygen-on-mars-for-first-time/

28. MOXIE
https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/spacecraft/instruments/moxie/

29. NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter Completes First One-Way Trip
https://mars.nasa.gov/news/8942/nasas-ingenuity-mars-helicopter-completes-first-one-way-trip/

30. NASA aims for historic helicopter flight on Mars
https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210419-nasa-aims-for-historic-helicopter-flight-on-mars

31. NASA’s latest rover is our best chance yet to find life on Mars
https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2020/7/29/21340464/nasa-perseverance-ingenuity-launch-live-stream-how-to-watch-science-life-on-mars

火星殖民的假設


32. Will We Survive Mars? – Glad You Asked S1
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8fpeVICeGg

33. Terraforming of Mars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraforming_of_Mars

34. Inventory of CO2 available for terraforming Mars
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-018-0529-6

35. How We Could Make Mars Habitable, One Patch of Ground at a Time
https://www.space.com/make-mars-habitable-with-silica-aerogel.html

探索火星的終極目標


36. NASA Seeks Ideas for Where on Mars the Next Giant Leap Will Take Place
https://www.nasa.gov/journeytomars/mars-exploration-zones

37. NASA’s Journey to Mars
https://www.nasa.gov/content/nasas-journey-to-mars

38. How Investing in the Moon Prepares NASA for First Human Mission to Mars
https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/moon-investments-prepare-us-for-mars.pdf

中國也成功登陸

首趟商業太空旅行


41. Elon Musk: A Million Humans Could Live on Mars By the 2060s
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/elon-musk-spacex-exploring-mars-planets-space-science

42. A Billionaire Names His Team to Ride SpaceX, No Pros Allowed
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/30/science/30spacex-inspiration4.html

43. Inspiration4: The first all-civilian spaceflight on SpaceX Dragon
https://www.space.com/inspiration4-spacex.html

44. Why we explore Mars—and what decades of missions have revealed
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/mars-exploration-article